A prenup — or, more formally, a prenuptial agreement — is an agreement entered into prior to marriage that lists the property each party owns and specifies what each party’s property rights will be upon the dissolution of the marriage. They can be an effective tool for couples looking to minimize property disputes upon the dissolution of their marriage. Contrary to popular belief, not all prenups are ironclad and strictly enforceable.
Commonly Enforced Prenup Terms
The purpose of a prenup is to clarify the financial rights of each party and the division of property upon the dissolution of the marriage. As such, the terms of most prenups generally are restricted to financial matters. Some of the most common provisions in prenups concern:
- Identification of each party’s assets
- Definitions of separate property and community property
- Management of marital bills, expenses, and debts
- Payment of educational expenses
- Alimony payments
- Mediation or arbitration requirements
Regardless of the terms in a particular prenup, the guiding principle is that the prenup should concern primarily financial matters and be entered into in good faith and with full disclosure.
While courts generally are willing to enforce most prenups as written, there are certain provisions that can render the agreement invalid, such as:
Prenups must be entered into voluntarily, and the law strongly encourages each party to be represented by counsel when executing one (although this is not required). Evidence that the agreement was procured by fraud, duress, or undue influence is grounds to invalidate the agreement. Courts may also invalidate prenups if they are unconscionable or if either party was not provided with a fair, reasonable, and full disclosure of the financial assets of the other party.
Provisions that Violate Public Policy
As with all contracts, provisions that violate public policy objectives are unenforceable. Examples of provisions that violate public policy are provisions that obligate a party to engage in illegal activity, provisions that are discriminatory, and provisions that prevent one party from exercising a legal right.
Provisions Concerning Child Custody or Support
If child custody and support are at issue, the divorce court has the final say in determining both based upon the best interests of the child. Therefore, any provisions concerning children — such as provisions dictating custody, visitation rights, and child support amounts — are unenforceable.
Certain Alimony Waivers
Provisions concerning alimony are one of the most common prenup provisions. Not all states enforce alimony waivers, but California does. However, the party against whom the alimony provision is sought must have been represented by independent counsel at the time the agreement was signed in order for any alimony provision (including alimony waivers) to be enforceable.
Provisions Governing Marital Conduct
Provisions governing the conduct of each party during the marriage are not enforceable. These types of provisions typically concern child-rearing duties, the nature and frequency of sexual relations, and one or both spouse’s physical appearance, among others.
Contact an Orange County High Net Worth Divorce Lawyer
While prenups can be beneficial for any couple, they are particularly useful for high net worth individuals due to the value of the financial assets at stake. To learn more about drafting a strong prenup, please contact an Orange County high net worth divorce lawyer by calling us at 949-474-0800.